CINCINNATI — After multiple rounds of ordinances and subsequent mayoral vetoes, Cincinnati City Council voted Wednesday afternoon to make the Cincinnati Bell Connector streetcar fare-free.
With a 7-2 vote -- and a mayoral veto override -- the nine-member council decided Wednesday to reallocate money from the city's general fund to finance streetcar operations without relying on fare revenue to carry passengers. In doing so, lawmakers also rejected a plan put forward by Mayor John Cranley to preserve streetcar fares and use that revenue to fund increased police operations throughout some city neighborhoods hit by a recent uptick in violent crime.
As with most streetcar developments, getting to Wednesday's decision didn't come without a protracted legislative back-and-forth and political finger-pointing from both sides of the issue.
Here's a rough timeline of how Council got there:
- June 24: City Council approves with a super-majority, 7-2 vote an ordinance introduced by Councilman Chris Seelbach, that would use a portion of the city's transit fund to reopen the streetcar without the need to collect fares.
- June 24: Mayor John Cranley immediately vetoes Seelbach's measure, arguing that transit fund dollars -- which come from a portion of the city's earnings tax -- should go solely toward Cincinnati Metro bus service. Due to recently approved ballot measures, Issue 22 and Issue 7, Metro is set to replace the city earnings tax with a countywide sales tax levy as its primary revenue stream. That transition will begin Oct. 1, opening the question of what to do with the remaining city transit fund revenue.
- Aug. 5: After Cranley vetoes the first plan, Seelbach introduced an alternative plan that would pull funding from the Over-the-Rhine tax increment financing (TIF) district to cover the costs of running the streetcar fare-free. Council once again approved that plan with a super-majority vote, and Cranley once again immediately vetoed the measure.
- Aug. 5: City Council overrides Cranley's veto on Seelbach's original ordinance calling on the transit fund surplus to fund streetcar operations.
- Aug. 14: The city administration informs Seelbach that, in administrators' opinion, his original ordinance -- re-approved by Council via a veto override on Aug. 5 -- did not specify that the streetcar would operate fare-free.
- Aug. 31: Cranley announces a plan to introduce an ordinance that would preserve streetcar fares on the assumption that one of the budget proposals to operate without the need for fares would go forward. Cranley's plan would then take streetcar fare revenue to fund increased "police visibility" in certain areas hit by recent spikes in violent crime.
- Sept. 1: Council's Law and Public Safety Committee rejects Cranley's proposal to use streetcar fare for increased police presence. Committee chair Christopher Smitherman advances the ordinance to full Council consideration anyway, per his right according to City Council rules.
- Sept. 1: Seelbach files a new ordinance, clarifying the original ordinance passed on June 24. City Council approves that ordinance, again 7-2.
- Sept. 1: Following the morning's committee meeting, City Council votes not to consider Cranley's proposal until a later meeting.
- Sept. 2: City Council approves Cranley's proposal to reallocate money from the city's general fund to finance streetcar operations.
- Sept. 2: City Council overrides Cranley's veto of Seelbach's latest ordinance, clarifying a plan to continue streetcar operations fare-free.
Wedneday's Council discussion spurred as much debate among members as previous sessions. Mayor Cranley echoed comments he made during Tuesday's Law and Public Safety Committee, arguing that the rise in violent crime over the last several months -- and what he said is a subsequent need for more police officers on the streets -- outweighs the streetcar.
He and Vice Mayor Christopher Smitherman also said making the Connector free would be unfair to bus riders, who still have to pay a fare to ride.
Cincinnati Metro bus rider Tiffany Webb told WCPO that she agrees, and said if the streetcar is free, all forms of public transportation should be free.
"It’s not helping us, the working class," she said. "What does it do for the working class people that don’t go down to The Banks? They’ve got to go to work. They got to do something... I feel like if they’re going to make the streetcar free, they need to make everything free. With this pandemic going on everything should be free so we can get back and forth and do what we need to do."
Cincinnati Metro went fare-free during the early weeks of the pandemic, but the transit authority board quickly reversed that decision after Cranley voiced concerns that free buses were encouraging large gatherings and crowds of people "joyriding." A spokewoman for Cranley told WCPO at the time police had informed him that participants of a large, illegal gathering of people in Over-the-Rhine on Apr. 3 used Metro to arrive at the scene.
WCPO could not independently confirm a correlation between fare-free Metro buses and the illegal gathering.
Councilman Greg Landsman spoke again in defense of making the streetcar fare-free, also echoing his comments verbatim from one day prior: "This is not a plan. This is a stunt," he said, referring to Cranley's proposition to use streetcar fare revenue to fund additional police presence in areas of concentrated violent crime.
"This is a distraction," Landsman said.
Multiple citizens spoke in favor of reopening the streetcar fare-free during City Council's public input session prior to Wednesday's meeting.
"Keeping the streetcar free right now will be an enormous help in bringing traffic back to the urban core," said a woman from East Price Hill, who hopes the Connector could be a tool for jump-starting economic activity in Over-the-Rhine, Downtown and The Banks, which all took a hard hit from the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent restrictions on businesses.
Rookie council member Jan-Michele Lemon Kearney had her reservations about preserving streetcar fares for more police funding, questioning how much money streetcar fares even generate for the city. Her question remained unanswered beyond what then-City Manager Patrick Duhaney indicated in a May 2019 memo that, during fiscal year 2020, the streetcar would bring in roughly $330,000 in fare revenue but would also incur a cost of nearly $260,000 to collect those fares.
With that pre-pandemic estimate -- which unlikely represents ridership levels as the COVID-19 crisis continues into the fall -- that would mean roughly $70,000 net revenue from streetcar fares.
Seelbach's ordinance allows for the streetcar to remain fare-free for up to 60 days while the city administration renegotiates agreements with contractors hired to operate the Cincinnati Bell Connector.