CINCINNATI — Can more funding for development come with a cost?
Some say yes, and they worry the city’s proposal to add new taxing districts could do more harm than good.
The issue is TIF districts, as in Tax Increment Financing. It’s all about development and increasing property value. It comes from the premise that more development means more property taxes, which means more money to reinvest into a community.
“Northside is a food desert,” said Fred Neurohr, president of the Northside Community Council.
The lack of access to healthy food resulted from a decision made more than a decade ago, Neurohr said.
“We were actually approached in the early 2000s to become a TIF district and we turned it down,” Neurohr said. “But we couldn’t help but think if we had said yes to this, maybe we would’ve had enough to fund this project.”
Neurohr said Northside’s food issues, plus affordable housing, plague the neighborhood. But he’s hopeful that designation at as a TIF district could change that.
“There are plenty of possibilities,” Neurohr said
Northside is one of 15 Cincinnati neighborhoods that could become TIF districts next month. They’re shown on this map in pink. They include Camp Washington, College Hill, Eastern River, Mt. Airy, Mt. Auburn, North Fairmount, Pleasant Ridge, Riverside, Roselawn, South Fairmount, South Cumminsville, Spring Grove Village, West End and Westwood Boudinot.
Here’s how it works:
Say your property value is $100,000 and you pay 4 percent in property taxes. You owe $4,000. That’s the base rate.
As your home value rises from renovations, the value increases to $150,000. So now you owe $6,000.
The original $4,000, the base rate, goes to the general fund, but the additional $2,000 goes to into a separate pot, used only for TIF projects in that district.
“We’re trying to encourage growth in areas where there is no growth, and there hasn’t been growth for a while,” said City Councilmember Jeff Pastor, who supports the districts.
Pastor says the proof is in the pudding.
“Nobody can argue the great renaissance that we’ve seen in OTR and Walnut Hills now and other parts of the city,” Pastor said.
But not everyone sees it that way.
“It makes me very upset,” said Joanne Hall, a Mt. Auburn property owner. Hall says her sister is deaf and blind.
“She needs 24/7 care,” Hall said.
Some like Hall worry about the impact it would have on voter-approved levies like the one that funds disabilities services in Hamilton County. That’s because any additional property tax revenue would go to the TIF fund and not grow funds set aside for levies.
“There’s something unethical about having a vote and saying your money is going to help people and you vote for that, and then the city takes that money and uses it for development of property,” Hall said.
The city hasn’t given a clear answer on what impact the TIFs would have on individual levies. Some say it would force voters to continue to pass more and more levies any time additional funding is needed.
Pastor and other leaders say they’re giving the neighborhoods what they asked for.
“It’s not something that council is saying, ‘Hey, we’re going to make you a TIF district.’ These are folks who are actually requesting these TIF districts,” Pastor said.
The city will vote on the TIF districts in December.