If medical professionals deem the shooting as a direct cause of the unborn baby's death, can police charge the shooter or shooters with the death of an unborn baby?
In Ohio, the answer is "yes."
Ohio's fetal homicide laws recognize "an unborn member of the species homo sapiens who is or was carried in the womb of another" at any stage of prenatal development. If the fetus is killed, a suspect may be charged with aggravated murder, murder, voluntary manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter, negligent homicide or vehicular homicide and aggravated vehicular homicide.
Aggravated murder is a capital charge with the possibility of life in prison or the death penalty, according to Ohio Revised Code 2929.02.